Daily Current Affairs 01 Dec 2020

NRA CET Daily Current Affairs


Orundoi Scheme

The scheme is to be launched by the Assam government in 29 districts across the state. Through this scheme, the government seeks to empower women by transferring a minimum amount of Rs.830 each month directly to the bank accounts of the nominated female head of the household. More than 18 lakh beneficiaries have already been selected by the government under this scheme. This number is expected to reach 22 lakh after the inclusion of districts in the Bodoland Territorial Area.

The scheme was announced during the state budget 2020-21. It is to be implemented at an annual budget of 2400 crores of Rupees. The scheme is first of its kind in the country. According to the state government of Assam the scheme will suffice the basic requirement of Health and nutrition of a household. It will support the family to buy by 4 kg of pulses worth 200 rupees, medicines worth 400 rupees per month, sugar for 80 Rupees and fruits and vegetables for 150 Rupees.

The household owning tractor, four wheelers, fridge or TV are not eligible under the scheme. The amount to the beneficiaries under the scheme are to be directly transferred from the eKuber system of Reserve Bank of India.

What is eKuber system?

It is the core banking solution of the Reserve Bank of India.  The core banking solutions enable the banks to offer Customer centric services 24/7 from a single location. In simple words, the Core Banking Solution application of RBI is e-Kuber. This means that it is a day to day operation. (It is basically a software where RBI does all the transactions related to banking on daily basis). When money is transferred through e-Kuber system for a scheme, it reaches the beneficiary as soon as it is sanctioned.

It provides the tools and approach to make sure the data is collected at the single point of action and delivered to the point of decision.

Bru Tribe- Refugee Crisis, Issues, Conflicts, Resettlement, Protests in Tripura

Parts of Tripura are witnessing violent protest recently due to the proposed resettlement of Bru tribals. Bru or Reang tribe is an indigenous community in the northeast, living in the states of Tripura, Assam and Mizoram. In Tripura, this community is recognised as a Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Group. In Mizoram, it is targeted by ethnic organisations demanding its exclusion from electoral rolls, forcing the tribe to flee to Tripura. In a bid to ensure their permanent settlement in Tripura, an agreement was signed between the Centre and the two states this year. This sparked protests from Bengalis and Mizo groups in Tripura.

Thai Mangur: Banned Cat fish of India

Thai Mangur is a catfish that was banned by the National Green Tribunal as it was harming the local ecosystem and the consumers’ health. It is favoured by the cultivators due to its ability to feed on anything and survive in hostile conditions. It also has high demand because it is cheaper when compared to other seafood. Recently, thousands of tons of this banned catfish were found to be illegally bred in over 125 artificial ponds in rural Thane, Maharashtra.

Hornbill Festival

The Hornbill Festival, which is called the ‘Festivals of Festivals’, is a 10-day annual cultural fest of Nagaland that showcases the rich and diverse Naga ethnicity through folk dances, traditional music, local cuisine, handicraft, art workshops etc. In a first, the 21st edition of this festival is to go digital from December 1 to 5 amid the coronavirus concerns. The start of this festival (December 1) marks the Nagaland statehood day.

Every year the Hornbill festival is celebrated between December 1 and December 10 in the northeast region and in the state of Nagaland. The festival is named after the Indian Hornbill Bird. It is a large and colourful forest bird. The festival is named after the bird as it is displayed in folklore of most of the the tribals in the state of Nagaland.

Duare Sarkar: West Bengal New Public Outreach Campaign

‘Duare Sarkar” outreach programme was launched by the Bengal Government. Under the programme, camps are to be organised at local body levels. In cities the camps are to be organised by corporations and at village level it is to be organised by Gram Panchayats. The Local Bodies will host camps between December 1, 2020 and January 30, 2020. Through these camps the State Government will take the Government Services to the doorstep of the Bengal people.

In simple words, the people of Bengal can avail the benefits of different Government schemes through the camps being set up under the programme. The flagship schemes included under the program are Kanyashree, Sikshashree and Khadya Sathi. It also includes other schemes such as Rupashree, Taposili Bondhu, Akhyashree and MGNREGS.

Duare Sarkar means Government at Doorstep.

US Air Quality Index

According to the recently released US Air Quality Index, Lahore has once again topped the list of world’s most polluted cities in the world. The report says that the particulate matter rating of Lahore was 423. Lahore was followed by New Delhi with a particulate matter rating of 229. Kathmandu, the capital city of Nepal ranked third with a particulate matter rating of 178.

Avian Influenza outbreak in Japan

The Avian influenza disease was recently discovered at a poultry farm in Hyuga City of Japan. Around 40,000 chicken in every big farm are being slaughtered and buried. Also, the exports in and around 3 km radius around the infected farms have been restricted. In all around 1.8 million chicken have been culled so far since the outbreak began in September 2020.

The current outbreak that started in September 2020 is considered as the largest outbreak in Japan since 2016. In 2018, Japan faced an outbreak of bird flu and 91,000 chicken were then culled.

Boko Haram

The attack on farm workers in the North Eastern region of Nigeria has left at least 110 dead. The Boko Haram jihadist are blamed for the killing. Around 30 men were beheaded during the attack. The incident is considered as the most violent attack against innocent civilian in 2020.

The attack took place near the Borno state capital Maiduguri in Nigeria.

Apex Committee for the Implementation of the Paris Agreement

The Apex Committee for the Implementation of the Paris Agreement (AIPA) was recently constituted by the Indian government to ensure coordinated response to climate change matters and to keep the country on track towards meeting its climate change obligations under the Paris Agreement, which includes Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs). It will act as the national authority for regulating carbon markets within the country.

New Military Deal between China and Pakistan

On November 30, 2020, General Wei Genghe of the People’s Liberation Army visited the Pakistani army headquarters located at Rawalpindi. During the meet the countries discussed matters of regional security, mutual interest and enhance bilateral defence collaboration. They also discussed about the China Pakistan Economic Corridor in which the Pakistani army has a greater role.

The Countries signed a new Memorandum of Understanding related to Defence.  The agreement mainly focused on capacity building of the Pakistani army and is a continuation of a defence agreement signed in 2019. The agreement was signed behind closed doors and the details have been kept secret.

It is to be noted that the military to military relations between China and Pakistan have been growing lately.

ADB Loan for Meghalaya Power Distribution Sector

The Government of India recently signed 133 million USD loan Agreement with the Asian Development Bank. Agreement was signed to strengthen the power distribution sector in the state of Meghalaya. Also, the loan is to be supplemented with a 2 million USD grant from the Asian Development Bank Japan fund for poverty reduction. This fund was basically allocated to finance renewable energy projects and support income generation activities for disadvantaged groups and women. It is to be used to finance renewable energy mini-grids to improve power quality.

The loan is to be used to to modernize the power distribution network in Meghalaya and improve quality of power in industries, households and businesses. Though, the state of Meghalaya has achieved 100% electrification, still remote villages in the state suffer from frequent power cuts. This is mainly due to outdated technology used in substations and overloaded distribution network that result in high power losses.

The funds will be used to construct 23 substations, modernize 45 substations and upgrade 2,214 kilometres of distribution lines. Apart from these smart metres are to be installed in in 1,80,000 households.

The funds allocated will help the state in implementing its “24/7 Power for all” initiative.

Monoliths of Utah and Romania

Monoliths are large single standing block of stone. A mysterious monolith was found recently in a remote, uninhabited desert in Utah, USA. And then disappear without a trace. Days after the occurrence and disappearance of the monolith, another monolith has been found in Romania.

Mount Semeru

Mount Seemeru is an active volcano located in East Java, Indonesia. The volcano is located in the subduction zone where the Indo-Australia plate subducts under the Eurasia plate. The Mount Semeru is a stratovolcano. Since 1818, around 55 eruptions have been recorded in Mt Semeru.


The stratovolcano is also called a conical volcano. It is built by many layers of hardened lava. The lava of stratovolcano is highly viscous. It cools and hardens before spreading far. Also, the stratovolcano has periodic effusive eruptions. The lava from stratovolcano are is not of significant threat to humans as they are highly viscous. On the other hand, the Nyiragongo is the only dangerous stratovolcano in the world as its magma are unusually low in silica which makes the lava quite fluid. This increases the flow rate of the lava.

Ring of Fire

The Ring of Fire, which is also known as the Circum-Pacific Belt, is a 40,000 km long path along the Pacific Ocean where majority of Earth’s volcanoes and earthquakes takes place. Recently, Mount Ili Leotolok in eastern Indonesia within the Ring of Fire erupted, forcing thousands of people to evacuate. This mountain is among the three currently erupting volcanoes in the country. The other two includes Merapi on Java Island and Sinabung on Sumatra island.

Indonesia has more than 400 volcanos as it is the meeting point of three major continental plates. They are the Indo-Australian plate, Pacific plate and the Eurasian plate. It is also joined by the much smaller Philippine plate. Out of these 400, 127 are active and account to one-third of the world active volcano.

The plates in the region are constantly moving and sliding past. They move above and below each other. This movement of the plates result in volcanic eruptions, deep trenches and earthquake epicentres along the boundaries where the plates meet.

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